ALBUQUERQUE CRANIOFACIAL CENTER, LTD.
7520 MONTGOMERY NE BLDG. D, SUITE 2 ALBUQUERQUE, NM 87109

Causes of TMJ disorders

Causes are often complex and difficult to identify. Most TMJ (temporomandibular joint) disorders are believed to result from several factors acting together including:

  • trauma to the head or neck, such as a fall, whiplash injury, blow to the head or neck and motor vehicle accidents (any of the above could have happened many years prior to symptoms becoming apparent)
  • tooth clenching and/or grinding, also known as bruxism, (while not scientifically proven to cause TMJ symptoms, these need to be controlled to reduce and manage TMJ disorders)
  • head and neck muscle tension
  • arthritic joint diseases
  • excessive jaw activity such as chewing hard foods, lengthy dental procedures, talking too much, yawning too widely (not a cause but also can contribute to increased symptoms such as pain and limited opening)
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